Teamwork is the ability to work together toward a common vision. It is the ability to direct individual accomplishments toward organizational objectives. It is the fuel that allows common people to attain uncommon results. – Andrew Carnegie
A team is a group of individuals who meet up briefly to accomplish a purpose. There is no magical equation for “building a team”. Groups are natural – they develop and change. By understanding how people, individuals and groups work you will enhance your ability of helping teams in figuring out how to effectively work together.
Improving the teams normally requires a combination of enhancing work skills, understanding of others, communication and negotiation abilities, and critical thinking abilities. Experiential learning offers a rich structure and strategy for genuine improvement of team work. Team building is difficult, however, there are a few procedures, standards and strategies which can have a genuine effect, including:
- Understanding group dynamics
- Psychological profiling
- Team building exercises
Team building is attached to self-improvement. Team advancement requires individuals to develop and grow; as a person’s self-awareness unfolds, so does their ability to take an interest in and flourish in group situations.
Issues to be considered while Team Building
The structure of the team ought such that it requires helpful relationships. Working interdependently with other colleagues or competing with them should lead to optimal outcomes for the whole team. Tasks that require the successful execution of sub tasks by all colleagues are called divisible, conjunctive tasks.
2. Goal Specification
It is essential for team members to have shared goals for group accomplishment, and also to convey clearly about individual objectives they may have. The process of clarifying the goals may well connect with the majority of the issues on this list. Shared goals are one of the definitional properties of the idea “group.” A straightforward, however valuable, team building task is to appoint a newly formed team the task of delivering a mission and the goals.
This term refers to the engaging quality of team membership. In task oriented teams, the idea can be separated into two sub ideas, social cohesiveness and undertaking cohesiveness. Social cohesiveness refers to the obligations of interpersonal attraction which connects the team members. Despite the fact that high levels of social cohesiveness may make group life more charming, it is not profoundly related with team performance.
4. Roles and Norms
All teams build up a set of roles and norms over time. In task oriented teams, it is important that the role structure empowers the group to adapt effectively to the prerequisites of the task. Active consideration of the role structure can be a critical piece of a group building exercise. These task roles should be rotated from one member to another so that everyone gets the experience of each role.
Norms are the principles administering the behavior of colleagues, and incorporates the rewards for behaving as per requirements and norm violations. Norms develop in a team automatically, regardless of whether they are actively discussed or not.
Effective interpersonal communication is important for the smooth working of any task group. There are numerous methods for encouraging the learning of effective interpersonal communication. Active listening exercises, feedback and appraisal are aimed at developing communication skills.