Team can be understood as a group of people, which constitutes two or more people working towards a common goal interdependent. The team’s collective effort and a term known as synergy accounts for the development of a product as the result. Synergy is a characteristic that is best described as when the whole holds more important than the sum of its parts.
Team building is further described as process of assembling the appropriate individuals and ensuring they work together for the benefit of the organization. Team building is a process which includes training sessions with activities, presentations, performances for a group of people to cultivate bonding among the members.
The members of the team are taught to respect one another in terms of opinions and suggestions which produces a product that acts as a result of the efforts of the team members. The team building process constitutes a number of steps which proceed to certain changes in the approach among people, to form effect teams.
The term team is often described as a dynamic entity. It said to progress from the early to the mature phase independent of the team and the task it is to perform.
There are five stages of the team building process which involves:
- Forming: this is described as the initial orientation period where the team members are not comfortable with each other and not completely aware of the functioning of each team member. In this phase, they identify themselves as a part of a group.
- Storming: Here they begin to find a place in the team during the sorting out period. They are now comfortable to put forth their opinion and the authority and recommendations of the team leader is challenged. The start of intra group conflicts is seen when some of the dissatisfied members may challenge the role and style of leadership.
- Norming: the team members function cohesively and further rely on their past experiences to solve problems. This should guide the team in establishing strategy for managing conflicts, decisions and methods to accomplish the team projects.
- Performing: the desired results are produced in this phase by achieving harmony, defining its task and managing the relationships. The person best suited to execute the task is selected for the role of leadership. In this phase, the team members work collectively, eliminate conflicts by proper management and contribute their resources appropriately to benefit the team.
- Dissolving or reorienting: upon the completion of the project, the team is dissolved and in some cases if there is progression to the next phase, the team might be reoriented.
To commence the team building process, there are three main components:
- Aim: through the interaction amongst the team, the tasks are result oriented and looks at the content aspect The examples of such are team goals and objectives.
- Methodology: this inspects the process aspect which includes the interaction of the team and the functioning of the team together. For example, leadership and team roles come under this. The struggle is usually with process issues than task issues and this is particularly observed in technical teams.
- Resources: this includes time, budget, computer facility educational tools and administrative support.